Smooth synthetic materials placed underneath foundations of structures can provide seismic protection by absorbing energy through sliding. Cyclic and shaking table tests were conducted on a variety of synthetic interfaces to identify a suitable liner for use as foundation isolation. It was concluded that a high strength, nonwoven geotextile placed over and ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene,UHMWPE (geotextile/UHMWPE) constitutes a liner that is well suited for this application. The static friction coefficient of the interface (between the geotextile and the UHMWPE) is about 0.1. The dynamic coefficient is about 0.07 and is insensitive to changes in slip rate and normal stress. A single-story structural model with and without foundation isolation was tested using a shaker table. The results demonstrate the role of foundation isolation in substantially reducing the seismic shear forces in the model. Accompanying this reduction in shear forces are slip displacements along the isolation liner. Permanent slip (final location of the structure relative to its initial position) can be reduced through the use of a small restoring force that could be provided through passive soil resistance. Peak-to-peak slip (maximum slip during shaking) needs to be permitted for foundation isolation to be effective. The experimental and analytical research results demonstrate the technical feasibility of using a smooth synthetic liner in earthquake mitigation.
Photos and Related Documents:
Foundation Isolation 1 / Foundation_Isolation_1.jpg
Foundation Isolation 2 / Foundation_Isolation_2.jpg
Foundation Isolation 3 / Foundation_Isolation_3.jpg
Foundation Isolation 4 / Foundation_Isolation_4.jpg
- Yegian, M. K. and Kadakal, U., (2004). "Foundation Isolation for Seismic Protection Using a Smooth Synthetic Liner". ASCE, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, Vol. 130, No.11, November.
- Yegian, M.K. and Lahlaf, A. (1992). “Geomembranes As Base-Isolation,” Geosynthetic Fabric Report, September.